Background: The United Kingdom government has recognised the need to increase the number of qualifed nurses as well as diversify the nursing workforce. Men are underrepresented in nursing alongside specifc minority ethnic groups. Evidence shows that increasing workforce diversity leads to improvements in cost management, health outcomes and contributes towards increasing cultural competency in the workforce. Widening participation interventions have been devised to encourage underrepresented groups into the workforce, but little is known about the specifc interventions for groups such as Black and Asian minority ethnic men. This paper reports the fndings of a scoping review aiming to identify specifc interventions to widen participation for Black, Asian and minority ethnic men into the nursing profession in the United Kingdom.
Methods: A scoping review methodology was implemented, following the Arksey& O’Malley, (2005) framework. A key word strategy was used, implementing population, profession, intervention intention and region.
Results: No specifc interventions for Black and Asian minority men were identifed meeting the pre-determined inclusion criteria. However, fve studies that considered widening participation interventions more generally were identifed as worthy of further analysis.
Conclusion: There is a lack of rigorously researched and reported interventions aimed at widening participation into nursing for Black and Asian minority ethnic men. We do not know the eï¬ÂÃÂectiveness of any interventions aimed at this group, as they have not been appropriately evaluated. This review is of beneft to policy makers, those who commission interventions around workforce diversity and nurse recruitment. This review suggests that future widening participation interventions should be appropriately targeted, implemented and evaluated so that others can build on well evidenced good practice.
Iritza Qureshi*, Nasreen Ali, Rebecca Garcia and Gurch Randhawa